The German cockroach is a small species that is unlikely to exceed ½ inch long. They have a tan or brown body and two black stripes extend from the head to the torso. They do have wings but do not fly. German cockroaches prefer to move indoors and tend to invade kitchen areas seeking food and water. The German cockroach will eat everything from human or pet food, book bindings, and dead cockroaches. They can reproduce quickly by creating sacs that typically contain 30 to 40 eggs, and generally hide in dark places.Cockroaches often travel through trash and filth and may spread germs and pathogens through the interior of a property. They contaminate interior surfaces, food, and may spread diseases including E. coli, Salmonella, and Typhus. Cockroaches shed their skin and leave feces that can irritate your allergies and potentially cause asthma
Despite not being the most common roaches in Phoenix, Arizona metro areas, oriental cockroaches can infest homes and desert yards. Home and business owners often find these pests in their spaces, and they can be a source of irritation. A glossy body and dark brown or black color distinguish oriental cockroaches. The insects are about an inch long, and they can live up to two years.
Both males and females have short wings, but neither can fly. It is common to find oriental cockroaches in basements, crawl spaces, and sewers because they are attracted to damp, dark places. The species is known for eating organic matter that has decayed and garbage. Despite Arizona’s hot temperatures, oriental cockroaches rarely infest indoors.
The Brown-Banded Cockroach is the only species likely to establish permanent residence within the home. Adults of this small (about ½ inch) roach are yellowish-brown with red-brown bands across the wings. The male is narrow with long wings. The female is pear-shaped bearing short, non-functional wings. It prefers warmer parts of the house and tends to establish residence behind pictures, on bookshelves, in furniture, in closets, especially in the bedroom. Sanitation and sealing openings to the outdoors or adjacent dwellings will limit their colonization efforts.
The American cockroach is the largest and most frequently encountered common species, growing to a length of 1-1/2 to 2 inches. This species is also referred to as the sewer roach. It is reddish-brown with a light-yellow band around the edge of the head shield. American cockroaches often live out of doors in alleys, lawns, decayed trees, and plants. They often enter and thrive in homes, commercial establishments, and other buildings that provide favorable shelter and an ample food supply. They live mainly in dark, moist sites in kitchens, bathrooms, basements, steam tunnels, sewers, and even in crawl spaces under buildings
When it comes to infestation of cockroaches, there are a few things to look for:
A foul odor, Some roach species are known to emit a musty, unpleasant odor that lingers and gets more pungent with more roaches.
Egg cases or skins, Ootheca are brown casings that house up to 50 eggs and can be found before or after the eggs hatch in serious infestations. Skins are often seen where cockroaches are taking up shelter.
Droppings, Resembling anything from tiny pepper specks to miniature pellets, a large amount of feces is a clear indicator of a cockroach problem. .
A lot of species of cockroaches particularly those commonly found inside homes have wings. Upon reaching the adult stage, cockroaches will already have strong wings that they can use for flying but only for short distances. However, these insects are not really fond of flying. In fact, they rarely use their wings even when faced with imminent danger
Cockroaches look for shelter, food, and water. This means that if you want to prevent a roach infestation, you need to make sure that these three things are not available to the roaches. Remove liquids, food, and garbage from open areas, and try to keep them sealed as much as possible. Make sure that your kitchen is clean at all times, and that you do not have clutter throughout the home, as it provides a place to hide for the cockroaches. Finally, make sure that you fix any leaky pipes and that you seal any cracks in the exterior of the home.
Cockroach eggs are laid in oothecae, which are protective cases that contain multiple eggs. The number of eggs in each ootheca can vary depending on the species of cockroach, but generally, a single ootheca can contain anywhere from 10 to 50 or more eggs